Three Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the most dreaded diseases in the world and sadly, more and more people around the world, irrespective of age, gender, race, and nationality, are getting affected by it each day. It’s natural that now even people who don’t have it are curious to learn about the various types of diabetes.

There are three main types of diabetes and they are listed below:

• Type 1 Diabetes: It is commonly known as insulin-dependent diabetes. It is an auto-immune disease where the body’s immune system turns upon itself and destroys the cells producing insulin. Of all the various types of diabetes, Type 1 diabetes affects about 10-15% of the people with the disease. This form of diabetes is usually manifested in people under the age of 40 who are genetically inclined to developing the disease. It is triggered by a combination of factors related to diet, chemicals, and the environment. Insulin shots are the predominant form of medication for people afflicted with this type of diabetes. They should also follow a strict diet and a regular exercise regimen.

Type 2 Diabetes: Of all the types of diabetes, the type 2 variety afflicts about 90% of all those who have developed the disease.  It is also known as insulin-independent or adult- or late-onset diabetes, because it is characterized by insulin resistance and is usually detected in people over the age of 40. However, studies have shown that type 2 diabetes may also affect people below 40 years of age among populations predisposed to the disease. Although genetic conditions play a role in triggering off the disease, research has consistently shown that lifestyle factors like obesity, lack of exercise, improper diet, and high blood pressure are also the major causes. Treatment for this type of diabetes includes bringing about diet and lifestyle changes and some people are also prescribed insulin injection

• Gestational Diabetes: Of the various types of diabetes, this form is probably the least known. In this form of diabetes, the glucose levels in the body of pregnant women shoot up considerably, both before and after the delivery of the child. Although the condition disappears after the delivery, it leaves the woman and also her child with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

These are the three main types of diabetes. There are other specific types of diabetes as well. We, at PrimeMedical, of course, can diagnose and treat all the forms effectively. So, if you or your loved one is afflicted with this silent killer of a disease, call us at 310-548-0201 to schedule an appointment.

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